La FIDH pide a Chile desistir del uso de ley antiterrorista contra mapuches

El organismo envió a Chile una misión de observación "de urgencia" esta semana, motivada por el aumento del uso de la ley antiterrorista por el Estado.

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La Federación Internacional de Derechos Humanos (FIDH) pidió este viernes al Gobierno de Chile que desista de aplicar la ley antiterrorista contra miembros del pueblo mapuche, juzgados como presuntos autores de atentados en el sur del país.

Los procesos judiciales en el marco terrorista “terminan frecuentemente en absolución, y generan graves consecuencias en los mapuches, en sus líderes y autoridades religiosas, por prisiones preventivas prolongadas y privación de libertad”, afirmó en una rueda de prensa en Temuco el abogado argentino Matías Duarte.

La FIDH envió a Chile una misión de observación “de urgencia” esta semana, motivada por el aumento del uso de la ley antiterrorista por el Estado chileno para “perseguir” a mapuches, con 23 comuneros imputados por ataques incendiarios, uno con resultado de muerte, y asociación ilícita.

Duarte aseguró que los procedimientos penales en gobiernos democráticos deben ser “claros y justos”, por lo que preocupa la falta de una “perspectiva cultural y de género” en las situaciones ocurridas en Chile.

El organismo se mostró consternado por la denominada Operación Huracán, que hace algunas semanas derivó en el arresto “violento” de ocho comuneros, por la aparente comisión de incendios en la sureña región de La Araucanía, que se investigan mientras cumplen prisión preventiva.

La FIDH sigue además de cerca el juicio contra once mapuches acusados del incendio en el que dieron muerte al matrimonio septuagenario Luchsinger-Mackay en 2013, así como la huelga de hambre que protagonizaron otros cuatro comuneros por más de 110 días, imputados por quemar una iglesia evangélica en 2016.

En esta línea, la FIDH y el Observatorio Ciudadano chileno demandaron hoy al Gobierno “garantizar el respeto a los derechos de los enjuiciados, a la presunción de inocencia y a un juicio justo“, celebrado en un plazo de tiempo “razonable”.

También condenaron el uso “abusivo y desproporcionado” de la violencia en contra de mapuches, incluidos niños, mujeres y ancianos, por parte de la policía, que consideran “una práctica reiterada”, sancionada por tribunales internacionales.

Llamaron además a respetar la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, que establece la diferenciación entre los pueblos indígenas y la población general, de acuerdo con su identidad cultural.

Asimismo, pidieron al Ejecutivo asumir obligaciones contraídas al ratificar el Convenio 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT) y las declaraciones de la ONU sobre derechos indígenas, en línea con peticiones territoriales, de reconocimiento y de paz del pueblo mapuche.

Esto, “en vez de privilegiar la política criminal y policial para perseguir presuntos delitos que puedan cometerse en el contexto de la protesta social mapuche”, concluyó la FIDH, que integra 178 organizaciones de derechos humanos en más de 122 países.

  • Prince Rupert Portlife

    Pueden leer esto?
    Feds to announce payout of $800M to Indigenous victims of ’60s Scoop
    Sources say the agreement includes a payout of between $25,000 and $50,000 for each claimant
    The Canadian Press Published on: October 5, 2017 | Last Updated: October 5, 2017 6:51 PM EDT
    Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett.
    Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press file photo

    TORONTO — The federal government has agreed to pay hundreds of
    millions of dollars to survivors of the ’60s Scoop for the harm suffered
    by Indigenous children who were robbed of their cultural identities by
    being placed with non-native families, The Canadian Press has learned.

    The national settlement with an estimated 20,000 victims, to be
    announced Friday by Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett,
    is aimed at resolving numerous related lawsuits, most notable among
    them a successful class action in Ontario.

    Confidential details of the agreement include a payout of between
    $25,000 and $50,000 for each claimant, to a maximum of $750 million,
    sources said.

    In addition, sources familiar with the deal said the government would
    set aside a further $50 million for a new Indigenous Healing
    Foundation, a key demand of the representative plaintiff in Ontario,
    Marcia Brown Martel.

    Spokespeople for both Bennett and the plaintiffs would only confirm
    an announcement was pending Friday, but refused to elaborate.

    “The (parties) have agreed to work towards a comprehensive resolution
    and discussions are in progress,” Bennett’s office said in a statement
    on Thursday. “As the negotiations are ongoing and confidential, we
    cannot provide further information at this time.”

    The sources said the government has also agreed to pay the
    plaintiffs’ legal fees — estimated at about $75 million — separately,
    meaning the full amount of the settlement will go to the victims and the
    healing centre, to be established in the coming months, sources said.

    The settlement would be worth at least $800 million and include Inuit
    victims, the sources said. The final amount is less than the $1.3
    billion Brown Martel had sought for victims of the Ontario Scoop in
    which at-risk on-reserve Indigenous children were placed in
    non-Aboriginal homes from 1965 to 1984 under terms of a
    federal-provincial agreement.

    In an unprecedented class action begun in 2009, Brown Martel, chief
    of the Beaverhouse First Nation, maintained the government had been
    negligent in protecting her and about 16,000 other on-reserve children
    from the lasting harm they suffered from being alienated from their
    heritage.

    Brown Martel, a member of the Temagami First Nation near Kirkland
    Lake, Ont., was taken by child welfare officials and adopted by a
    non-native family. She later discovered the Canadian government had
    declared her original identity dead.

    Her lawsuit, among some 17 others in Canada, is the only one to have
    been certified as a class action. Her suit sparked more than eight years
    of litigation in which the government fought tooth and nail against the
    claim.

    However, in February, Ontario Superior Court Justice Edward Belobaba
    sided with Brown Martel, finding the government liable for the harm the
    ’60s Scoop caused. Belobaba was firm in rejecting the government’s
    arguments that the 1960s were different times and that it had acted with
    good intentions in line with prevailing standards.

    While Bennett said at the time she would not appeal the ruling and
    hoped for a negotiated settlement with all affected Indigenous children,
    federal lawyers appeared to be trying to get around Belobaba’s ruling.
    Among other things, they attempted to argue individuals would have to
    prove damages on a case-by-case basis.

    A court hearing to determine damages in the Ontario action, scheduled
    for three days next week, has been scrapped in light of the negotiated
    resolution, which took place under Federal Court Judge Michel Shore.

    One source said some aspects of the many claims might still have to
    be settled but called Friday’s announcement a “significant” step toward
    resolving the ’60s Scoop issue — part of the Liberal government’s
    promise under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to make reconciliation with
    Canada’s Indigenous people a priority.

    Jeffery Wilson, one of Brown Martel’s lawyers, has previously said
    the class action was the first anywhere to recognize the importance of a
    person’s cultural heritage and the individual harm caused when it is
    lost.

  • Prince Rupert Portlife

    Ahi dice que el estado federal de Canada, pagara 800 millones de dollares a las victimas indigenas, de abusos en el pasado. Algun dia Chile tendra que pagar por el crimen que estamos cometiendo en beneficio de LOS DUENIOS DE CHILE, LOS LADRONES MATTE Y LA TIRRA DE SINVERGUENZAS DETRAS DE EL.